Dear readers, our research team has done a tonne of work for this web hosting guide to help our readers to gain a clear understanding of what is web hosting. We hope that you find it very helpful.
Beginners guide to web hosting Step by Step
In this guide, we have covered the following matter –
Step #1: An inception to web hosting
What is web hosting?
Don’t think much about web hosting, web hosting is a place which consists of a computer that hosts a website. That wasn’t too bad, was it? Think of it as a computer where you store all of your documents like HTML files, image, videos, and other necessary files.
In other way, ‘web hosting’ may be defined as a service company who lease/rent out their servers/computers to store your documents, files or website and provide the internet connection so that other computers or web users can access to your website or files. whsr.com
Why do I need a web host?
Definitely, this is a very important question to ask. As you know, “a web hosting consists of a computer device that hosts websites” then you might be asking yourself “why do I need a hosting service? Can’t I just use my computer to host my websites?
Yes, technically it is possible to connect your own computer to the Internet and have it host web pages, but it would be a really bad idea. Usually home based Internet connection is not powerful enough to serve many web user to access your web pages at the same time. website.com
That’s why the web hosts exist and their high-quality service, low price and top level performance make them affordable for everyone.
What else do the web hosting companies do?
Nearly all the web hosts provide web space and other value-added services but this service varies from company to company. These services are Domain Name registration, web space, Data Center number of email addresses, Bandwidth/data transfer, File transfer Protocol (FTP), Apps, and so on.
Step #2: Are There Different Types of Web Hosting?
Yes, certainly there are several types web hosting services and those services are designed to meet different hosting needs. Usually, there are five types hosting service which are Shared hosting, VPS hosting, Dedicated Server hosting, Cloud hosting, and Managed Hosting.
These types of hosting servers store your websites and act as a storage centre (Data Center). Actually, these Data Center differ in the amount of web space capacity, the amount of data transfer, control, technical support, server speed and uptime, reliability, security. Let’s discuss the basic difference between a shared hosting, VPS hosting, dedicated server hosting, Cloud hosting, and Managed Hosting.
Shared hosting means that many websites are hosting on a single server and range from a few to hundreds or thousands, that’s it. This type of hosting is the most common option for small business websites, individuals, and some other popular websites.Shared hosting makes it especially cheap. Most websites with medium traffic levels are hosted on this type of server.
Limitation: Shared hosting has some disadvantages in root access, limitation in handling high traffic, less control, website performance can be affected by other web sites, and the most important limitation is less security. doteasy.com inmotionhosting.com midphase.com
Dedicated server refers to a single server that hosts a single website and the entire server is designed to provide your website with the best possible performance. And a dedicated server offers the maximum security, access to all applications, super-fast server speed, and control over the web server which you exclusively rent an entire server.
Limitation: Dedicated server has only one disadvantage which is “greater cost”. As dedicated server comes with great power and features, it is very expensive and only recommended for those who need best performance, advanced security, maximum server speed, and maximum server control. hostingadvice.com freeservers.com
VPS hosting refers to a dedicated server which is divided into a few virtual servers where each website is hosted on their own server. Actually, the divided virtual servers are sharing a single server with a few different websites.
Generally, a VPS has a massive amount of computing resources such as thousands of processors, terabytes of RAM, unlimited web space, and unlimited web traffic/transfer. The users of VPS hosting may have root access to their own virtual server and batter secured hosting environment than shared hosting environment. what Is web hosting dreamhost.com
VPS hosting is suitable for those websites which need greater server control, better performance, and more server speed but doesn’t want to expend money in a dedicated server.
Limitation: Inability to handle traffic level and performance may be affected by other websites on the server.
Cloud hosting offers unlimited data transfer which means Cloud hosting has the ability to handle high traffic levels. In Cloud hosting, several dedicated servers work together to host several websites and to handle high traffic.
Managed hosting is designed especially for those who don’t have the technical skills to maintain a server administration but need the power and direct access to VPS or Dedicated Server. In managed hosting, the host takes care of everything like server maintenance, monitoring, backups and restores, day to day updates, server up-time monitoring, and so on.
The term managed hosting refers the proactive technical support for every managed hosting user. It as simple as pre-installed software and assisting with initial configuration, monitoring and controlling, and upgrades. A managed hosting service gives you the flexibility to do what you want without having the knowledge of server administration.
Limitation: Higher cost
Step #3: Do I really need a domain name?
Yes, of course! You must need a Domain Name for your new website to be identified by the web users.
What is a Domain name?
A Domain name is the name of your website, it is required to run a website. Domain name is a string of characters that give a website an identity. It is a name of human or businesses such as www.facebook.com, www.google.com or www.twitter.com and so on. what Is web hosting
If you would like to have your own domain name, you will need to register a domain name with a domain name registrar.
Where do I register a domain?
It’s pretty simple to register a domain name with a reputable domain registrar. Here is a list of popular domain name registrar:
You can register a domain name with one of the above registrars:
- Choose a unique name for your business or website because the name might be registered by others.
- Find a domain by searching (selected name) on one of the above registrars. (ie. GoDaddy)
- If the selected name is available, you can order it instantly.
- Now you need to pay a registration fee which ranges from $10 to $50. (Some registrar offers 1-year free domain name registration if you buy a web hosting package, ie. iPage)
- You can pay the registration fees using Credit Card or PayPal.
- That’s it, the registration process is done.
Is there any legal issue when registering a domain name?
When it comes to choosing the right domain name for launching your very new website, it is clearly an important issue. There some rules and strategies regarding this issue:
Register a “.COM!” Domain: what Is web hosting
Most of the people register domains with the “.COM” portion domain name. And a majority of people probably always will use “.COM” domain name. There is an inherent trust for a “.COM” domain. when people make a search on google.com and see the results.
Try to avoid trademarks: what Is web hosting
Compromising other people’s trademark or even being close might be a very dangerous domain name on the internet. If you are going build a Nokia Review site, it could be seductive to use a domain like “www.NokiaReviews.com”, but you will be facing legal issues if your website becomes very popular. So, you should avoid this completely.
Try not to use dashes or numbers: what Is web hosting
Using a domain name with dashes or numbers are usually scowled upon by the web users and even search engines. So, it’s best to avoid dashes or numbers.
There are mainly two strategies for choosing the best domain name:
Register a Brandable domain: what Is web hosting
A unique or a made-up word is called a Brandable domain name that can be fastened in people’s head or different enough to make an impression. For an example, you are building a website about a Perfume you made. In this example, suppose this didn’t already exist, the best brandable domain might be “www.attractive.com”.
Discoverable Domain names:
A discoverable domain refers to a keyword rich domain name. For the previous example of Perfume, the best discoverable domain would be “www.perfume.com”. This types of the domain name have advantages that it is easy to remember and rank well in the search engines.
What is TLD, TLDcc, gTLD, and Sub-Domains?
Top Level Domains (TLD):
For examples: Alexa.com, Wikipedia.org, elearningEuropa.info, Yahoo.co.uk, all the above examples end with a different extension ;- .org, .info, .com, .net, and so on is called as top level domain names.
These TLDs are often used to describe the nature or characteristics of the website – .edu for education website (schools, universities, colleges, etc.), .biz for business, .org for public organisations, and .co.uk for the United Kingdom.
Country Code ( TLDcc):
Full list of country code top level domain name extensions are:
.ac .ad .ae .af .ag .ai .al .am .an .ao .aq .ar .as .at .au .aw .ax .az .ba .bb .bd .be .bf .bg .bh .bi .bj .bm .bn .bo .br .bs .bt .bw .by .bz .ca .cc .cd .cf .cg .ch .ci .ck .cl .cm .cn .co .cr .cu .cv .cx .cy .cz .de .dj .dk .dm .do .dz .ec .ee .eg .er .es .et .eu .fi .fj .fk .fm .fo .fr .ga .gd .ge .gf .gg .gh .gi .gl .gm .gn .gp .gq .gr .gs .gt .gu .gw .gy .hk .hm .hn .hr .ht .hu .id .ie .il .im .in .io .iq .ir .is .it .je .jm .jo .jp .ke .kg .kh .ki .km .kn .kp .kr .kw .ky .kz .la .lb .lc .li .lk .lr .ls .lt .lu .lv .ly .ma .mc .md .me .mg .mh .mk .ml .mm .mn .mo .mp .mq .mr .ms .mt .mu .mv .mw .mx .my .mz .na .nc .ne .nf .ng .ni .nl .no .np .nr .nu .nz . om .pa .pe .pf .pg .ph .pk .pl .pn .pr .ps .pt .pw .py .qa .re .ro .rs .ru .rw .sa .sb .sc .sd .se .sg .sh .si .sk .sl .sm .sn .sr .st .sv .sy .sz .tc .td .tf .tg .th .tj .tk .tl .tm .tn .to .tr .tt .tv .tw .tz .ua .ug .uk .us .uy .uz .va .vc .ve .vg .vi .vn .vu .wf .ws .ye .za .zm .zw
Example – Google.com is the main domain, analytics.google.com, is the sub domain. You can add subdomains on top of the existing or main domain as long as your web host provide this service, currently, most of the web host provide unlimited sub domains.
What is WhoIs data?
Each and Every domain has the owner’s personal information such as owner name, contact number, mailing address, and domain name registration as well as expiry date. This type of information is publicly accessible and called the aWhoIs data record. what Is web hosting
Step #4: How do I choose the right host?
Choosing the right web host for your new website can be a really difficult task. The host can dramatically affect your new or existing website’s performance, server uptime, and security. There are a lot of issues that you must know before choosing a potential web hosting. You must have a crystal clear picture of what you will receive from your web host.
Our research team has done a lot of research and listed all of the important issues that you must know before choosing the best one. what Is web hosting
Features of a great web host:
You must choose a company who provide the maximum server uptime (100% server uptime). Reputed web hosting companies provide at least 99.9% percent uptime on average.
Questions to ask your host and get answers:
- What is the server uptime guarantee? (Anything less than 99.9% is unacceptable)
- Where your servers physically located?
- What level of customer/ technical support do they offer? Online only? Phone? Email?
- If online chat is available 24/7, what are their phone support hours?
- Any additional cost for set-up assistance?
- What type of e-commerce features included with the plan?
- What are type payment plans available?
- Is there any renewal terms and fees?
- If you are looking at an unlimited hosting plan, exactly what does that mean?
- Are they the original hosting provider or a hosting services reseller?
- What are their security measures and server backup protocols?
- How long has the web host been in business?
- What is their server upgrade protocols?